Helpful tips for October 2018

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Helpful tips for October 2018

In this issue:

General tips
Articles of the day
From the pages of Donna’s travel diary

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informational tips available in the areas of Technology, Nutrition, Media,
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General tips
Courtesy of the research team at

Okay, here is one sure way for you to ensure that your cake is fully baked:
Stick a tooth pick into the middle of your cake.
Then slowly withdraw it from your cake.
If it comes out clean with no residual on it, then it is baked!

About sharks:
If you ever find yourself having to defend yourself against a shark, then
try this!
Punch them if you can either in the eye or in the gills.

A note on basements:
They are very warm in the winter and cool in the summer.

1. Corn on the cob: Did you know that corn is the largest crop in the United
States? The origin of cultivated corn is unknown, however.
2. Watermelons: Watermelons originally came from the Kalahari Desert region
in Africa, which is interesting because the average watermelon is 92 percent
3. Peaches: During the mid-1980s, world peach production totaled about 5.5
million metric tons per year. The highest peach-producing countries were the
United States
and Italy.
4. Strawberries: The strawberry is actually a member of the rose family.
Each strawberry contains approximately 200 seeds.
5. Fresh fish: The first person to write in English about using a fishing
rod was Dame Juliana Berners, whose Treatyse of Fysshynge wyth an Angle
(1496) remained the
basis of fishing knowledge in England for 150 years.
6. Lemonade: President Rutherford B. Hayes’s wife Lucy was called Lemonade
Lucy because she was a staunch advocate of the temperance movement and would
serve strong drinks at the White House.
7. Barbecue: The word barbecue comes from the Arawak word barbakoa, meaning
“frame of sticks.”
8. Ice cream: One of the world’s most popular desserts, ice cream was most
likely first created in China, around 2000 BC.
9. Tomatoes: Up until the mid-19th century, many cultures thought the tomato
was poisonous. Today tomatoes are one of the most widely cultivated crops.
10. Potato salad: What’s a cookout without potato salad? Americans sure must
eat a lot of it: The U.S. potato harvest in 1999 yielded 21.7 million metric
tons of


Articles of the day
Chosen by the Business Desk team

Candy: A History

Amy Pataki, Toronto Star, October 25, 2012

They resemble barber poles, spearmint leaves and teddy bears.

They taste of violets, cinnamon, wintergreen and molasses.

They come imprinted with messages, impaled on sticks or rolled in
cornstarch. We buy them in bulk or wrapped in comic strips.

They are the candies we’ve loved for decades. Each is a ticket back to

It’s not hard to see the enduring appeal of candy. It comes down to sugar
dissolved in water. Depending on how it’s cooked, you get nougat, toffee,
hard sucking candies, caramels, marshmallows, lollipops or chewing gum.
Chocolate is a category better saved for Valentine’s Day.

This close to Halloween, candy is on our minds. Children aren’t the only

fans: the National Confectioners Association of America reports about 40 per
cent of adults will eat their kids’ trick-or-treating loot. (Guilty as

Here’s a look at candy through the decades, 140 years of sugary goodness.

Reminder: Brush your teeth after reading.


1880s George Renninger of the now-defunct Wunderlee Candy Co. developed
candy corn, a waxy confection mimicking the shape and colour of dried corn
kernels but three times the size.

Today, more than 35 million pounds a year are made in the U.S., where Oct.

30 is National Candy Corn Day.

1890s New American Leo Hirshfield began making Tootsie Rolls in 1896, naming
the chewy candies after his daughter. They are still made by NYSE-listed
Tootsie Roll Industries.

During the Korean War, U.S. Marines used “Tootsie Rolls” as a code name for
60-mm mortar ammunition. When a quartermaster mistakenly shipped actual
candy to American troops encircled by enemy soldiers at the Chosin Reservoir
in November and December 1950, the candy kept the marines from starving (and
plugs bullet holes in their equipment) until they battled their way out days
later with real ammunition.

1900s The New England Confectionery Co., or Necco, was born in 1901 from
three firms. Necco’s Canada Mints were a success north of the border before
winning over Americans in 1908.

Necco wafers, powdery pastel discs still wrapped in wax paper, were given to
Inuit children by explorer Donald MacMillan in 1913 and went to the
Antarctic with Admiral Richard Byrd in the 1930s. When Necco, a few years
ago, switched to natural flavourings, sales fell 35 per cent.

1910s Candy maker Clarence Crane invented Life Savers in 1912 as a “summer
candy,” a nonmelting alternative to chocolates. The original Pep O Mint
flavour was eventually joined by 40 others.

To mark the end of World War I, British confectioner Bassett’s started
selling “Peace Babies,” relaunched in 1953 as Jelly Babies. The
starch-dusted jellies were linked to such pop cultural icons as Doctor Who
and Beatle George Harrison (who regretted telling fans he liked them after
they pelted him on stage). High-school chemistry students also dropped the
sugary treats into potassium chloride to produce impressive effects in an
experiment called “screaming jelly babies.”

1920s Hans Riegel of Bonn-based Haribo invented a bear-shaped fruit gelatin
in 1922, the start of gummy bears.

Popular American dance the Charleston lent its name to Charleston Chew, a
chocolate-covered vanilla taffy that debuted in 1922. Adherents insisted it
was better frozen.

In Austria, Eduard Haas III started selling Pez in 1927 as a mint for
adults. The dispenser resembled a cigarette lighter; only in the ’50s does
the company graft on cartoon heads and market fruit-flavoured Pez for

Fleer Candy Co. accountant Walter Diemer accidentally invented Dubble Bubble
in 1928. The comic strip was added two years later.

1930s Manhattan’s Charles Howard channelled flower power in his search for a
unique candy, leading to Choward’s Violet Candies, square pastilles with a
soapy taste. Talk about long-lasting: Not only are Violet Candies still for
sale, their taste lingers for hours.

1940s During World War II, candy production was halted in England, the U.S.

and elsewhere due to rationing.

After the war, Jolly Rancher Co. opened in 1949, selling hard fruit candies
in Denver. Lemon, an original flavour, was later replaced by blue raspberry
to satisfy kids requesting a blue candy.

Also in 1949, Brit immigrant Edward Dee founded Ce De Candy, makers of
Rockets, in New Jersey. Called Smarties in the U.S., the crumbly, tart-sweet
pastel wafers are now made

round-the-clock in the company’s Newmarket, Ont., plant. (The original
Toronto factory, opened in 1963 on Queen St. W., is now the Candy Factory

1950s Chicago’s Ferrara Pan Candy Co. captured the Cold War zeitgeist with
the Atomic FireBall in 1954, a cinnamon jawbreaker with a mushroom-cloud
logo. It was an instant hit; about 15 million of the red-hot candies are
still consumed each week worldwide.

As a Christmas 1954 novelty item, British confectioner Matlow Brothers (now
Swizzels Matlow) printed “I love you” on heart-shaped fizzy candy. Love
Hearts soon go into production with wider messages. “Luv u 24/7” is a more
recent one.

Spanish businessman Enric Bernat turned an apple jam factory into Chupa Chup
lollipops in 1958 after seeing how sticky hands upset parents. “So I stuck a
sweet on a stick,” he said, hiring Salvador Dali to design the logo and
stocking them in arms’ reach of children.

In 1952 local firm Poppa Corn Corp unveiled Lucky Elephant Pink Candy
Popcorn. There’s still a prize in every box. Toronto’s own Super-Pufft
Snacks makes the candy today.


Italian confectioner Ferrero launches Tic Tacs, coated mints shaken from a
hinged plastic box, in America in 1969. They come to Canada soon after.
Orange Tic Tacs feature in the Oscar-nominated movie Juno, directed by
Canadian Jason Reitman and starring Canadian actors Ellen Page and Michael

Also in 1969, American Thomas Tate Tidwell patents his method for making
candy with gum inside, paving the way for Charms Blow Pops in 1973.

1970s “Who loves ya, baby?” Thanks to lollipop-loving TV detective Kojak,
Matlow reported “a huge rise” in sales of its Double Lollies (although Kojak
favoured Tootsie Pops).

Willy Wonka’s fictitious creation came to life in 1976 with the Everlasting
Gobstopper, designed by a Chicago company as a small jawbreaker with a
chalky centre. Not only did the gobstoppers fail to reach infinity, a
9-year-old Florida girl suffers burns in 2003 after allegedly biting into
one left out in the sun. MythBusters proves heating a gobstopper can make it
explode in a 2004 episode.

Jelly Belly claimed to make the first gourmet jelly bean in 1976, producing
such exotically believable flavours as coconut and peanut butter. U.S.
President Ronald Reagan was such a fan he sent some up to the Challenger
space shuttle crew in 1983.

1980s The sour decade started with the arrival of Warheads in North America,
a Taiwanese invention coated in malic acid for intense tartness.

After that came Nerds in 1983, tiny pebbles of sweet-sourness sold in two
flavours, then Sour Patch Kids in 1985, made by Hamilton-based Allan Candy

1990s California company Hotlix started getting attention for its worms,
ants, crickets and meal worm larvae trapped in clear, hard and sometimes
flavoured candy.

The cooked scorpions in Hotlix’s Amber InsectNside Candy pose no danger: a
spokesperson says they are raised for human consumption and lose their venom
after death.

2000s Orbit gum returned to North America in 2001, 57 years after being
launched as a wartime necessity. During World War II, Wrigley had shipped
all its Juicy Fruit, Spearmint and Doublemint gum overseas to American
soldiers, then built Orbit as a stateside civilian brand. When the soldiers,
and the gum, came home, Orbit was discontinued.

2010s Video-game candy. Nintendo endorsed the Wii Klik-On candy dispenser in
2008, a faux “Wiimote” that shoots out Rockets-type pellets at the push of a

Capitalizing on the popularity of the birds-versus-pigs game, Healthy Food
Brands launched Angry Birds Fruit Gummies in 2011. Hard to chew and mildly
fruity, the strawberry-flavoured big brother bird is the best.


. I wish I had this several months ago. Hope it helps someone else
through that stress of fixing their Venetian Blinds .


. How to Repair Vertical and Venetian Blinds

How to Repair Vertical and Venetian Blinds

by Guest on Dec
19, 2010

Vertical blinds and Venetian blinds are the two most popular types of blinds
that you will find in a home. Vertical blinds have long vertical slats that
hang from main head rail, while Venetian blinds have slats hang horizontally
from a top bracket. Blinds can be made of many materials including, but not
limited to plastic, wood, bamboo, metal, or fabric.

Typically, repairing your blinds will involve repairing or replacing one or
more of the slats. Other problems can include a missing or damaged blind
clip, and old or broken cords or string ladders. The procedures for
repairing your blinds will depend on whether you have Venetian or vertical

For Vertical Blinds:

If one or more slats are broken or otherwise damaged, single replacement
slats are sold at home improvement stores. Be sure to purchase the right
style and length of slat. Simply remove the damaged slat out from the clip
attaching it to the head rail and gently but firmly slide in the replacement
Vertical blind clips can also be purchased to replace damaged ones. Remove
the old clip from the head rail and fit the new clip on. When attaching the
slat to the clip, check that the slat is facing the same direction as the
other slats.

Some blinds have a spacer chain that threads through holes in all the slats.
For this type of blinds you have to remove a sequence of slats from the
chain in order to get to the damaged slat. Remove the screw or clip at the
end of the chain before you thread the chain out from the slat at the end
point to the slat you are replacing. Feed the chain back in after you have
done the replacement.

To replace a damaged cord on vertical blinds, remove all the slats from the
main head rail. Take the head rail down from the wall and replace the cords.
The cord package you’ve purchased should contain instructions on how to go
about the replacement.

For Venetian Blinds:

If you have a damaged slat on your Venetian blinds, you can purchase a
replacement slat of the same brand and design at the home improvement store.
To replace the slat, lower the blinds and turn them to their open position.
On the bottommost rail you will find caps that conceal the knots securing
the lift cord and ladder string. Remove the caps and untie the knots
carefully. Pull the lift cords up from the holes in the slats until you
reach the damaged slat to be replaced. After replacing the slat, thread the
lift cords back down through each slat. Re-knot the cords, making sure the
bottom slat is level, and replace the caps.

To replace the lift cord or string ladders on Venetian blinds, you will
first need to take the blinds down from their top bracket. Untie the cords
at the bottom and pull the cords all the way up to the bracket. If you are
replacing the ladders, remove them from the tilt tube in the bracket and
slide them off the sides. Attach the new ladders by reversing your steps. If
you are replacing the lift cords, pull the old cord over the pulleys and out
of the slats. Remember how the lift cord was threaded so you will be able to
install the new one correctly.


From the pages of Donna’s diary
A checklist for travelers

This is a list that I have compiled over the years as someone who travels
regularly by air and I am very strict on myself when it comes to leaving
some info behind in case of an emergency. I firmly believe that it is
always a good thing to leave important travel info behind so that anyone
wishing to contact me in case of an emergency will be able to trace my
journey from start to finish.

So here is my list.
Include info that contains your flight numbers, airline, and times of
departures and arrivals. If you are travelling by train or by bus, do the
same with regard to train and bus numbers, and travel and departure times.

If you are traveling with someone else then give info on their names as
Give info on phone numbers of hotels, those of friends that you may be
seeing, and most importantly; your own cell phone number and email address
if you are going to have email access.

If you are traveling with someone else then also give their phone numbers
and email address if they are going to have access to email.

Give also details of any meetings that you may be attending. You don’t need
to give out a detailed description of your meetings. Just location and with
whom could be enough.

That’s it and hope this is helpful.

I’m Donna J. Jodhan enjoying my travels.

To learn more about me, visit

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