Helpful tips for January 2019

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plethora of tips that cover a wide range of topics.
All of our tips are designed to help you save time, cut down on your
research, and help you get ahead.
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Helpful tips for January 2019

In this issue:

General tips
Articles of the day
From the pages of Donna’s travel diary

Now you can subscribe to “‘Let’s Talk Tips”‘ which is my monthly resource
for the most current and reliable
informational tips available in the areas of Technology, Nutrition, Media,
Business, and Advocacy.


General tips
Courtesy of the research team at

Want to ensure that your batteries stay in working order all of the time?
Change them every six months.
This will also avoid the possibility of them exploding and their acid
running into the system of your device thus corroding them.

Okay and thanks to Mama Peach, here are some great tips for substitutions.
Out of cake flour? Low on buttermilk? Here’s where you can find help on
substituting ingredients for ones you don’t have on hand.
When making substitutions for alcohols, it is important to keep the volume
of liquid in the recipe the same as originally called for. Depending on the
recipe, apple juice or
chicken broth often makes a good substitution for wine. When using flavored
liqueurs, extracts can be substituted if you make up the balance of the
liquid with water. For
example, if a recipe calls for 2 tablespoons Grand Marnier, you could use
1/2 teaspoon orange extract. Just be sure to get the same level of orange
flavor. This may
take some experimentation.
Baking Powder
1/4 teaspoon baking soda plus 1/2 teaspoon cream of tartar can be
substituted for 1 teaspoon baking powder.
Baking Soda
There is no recommended substitute for baking soda.
Bouquet Garni
1/2 teaspoon each dried parsley flakes, dried thyme leaves and 1 bay leaf
(crushed), can be substituted for 1 teaspoon bouquet garni.
Unsalted butter can be substituted for regular butter in any recipe. It is
NOT necessary to add salt. Margarine can also be substituted for butter. Do
NOT use lowfat
spreads or light butter for baking.
1 tablespoon vinegar plus enough milk to equal 1 cup OR 2/3 cup plain yogurt
plus 1/3 cup milk can be substituted for 1 cup buttermilk.
1 teaspoon dried parsley flakes plus 1/8 teaspoon rubbed, dried sage can be
substituted for 1 teaspoon chervil.
Chicken or Beef Broth
1 cup hot water and 1 teaspoon instant bouillon granules (or 1 bouillon
cube) can be substituted for 1 cup broth.
Chocolate Chips, Semi-Sweet
6 ounces semi-sweet chocolate, chopped, can be substituted for 1 cup (6
ounces) semi-sweet chocolate chips. When substituting for chocolate chips,
make sure to
use the same type of chocolate (i.e. semi-sweet, milk).
Chocolate, Semi-Sweet
3 tablespoons chocolate chips OR 1 square (1-ounce) unsweetened chocolate
plus 1 tablespoon sugar can be substituted for 1 square (1-ounce) semi-sweet
6 tablespoons unsweetened cocoa powder plus 7 tablespoons sugar plus 1/4 cup
fat can be substituted for 6 ounces semi-sweet chocolate.
Chocolate, Sweet Baking (German)
1/4 cup unsweetened cocoa powder plus 1/3 cup sugar and 3 tablespoons fat
can be substituted for 4 ounces German sweet baking chocolate.
Chocolate, Unsweetened
1 2/3 ounce semisweet chocolate (reduce sugar in recipe by 2 teaspoons) OR 3
tablespoons unsweetened cocoa plus 1 tablespoon butter, margarine or
can be used instead of 1 ounce unsweetened baking chocolate or 1 ounce
premelted unsweetened chocolate.
1/2 cup hot water and 1 teaspoon instant coffee granules can be substituted
for 1/2 cup strong brewed coffee.
Cooking Sprays
Can usually be successfully substituted for shortening to prepare baking
sheets and baking pans.
2 tablespoons all-purpose flour or 2 teaspoons arrowroot starch can be
substituted for 1 tablespoon cornstarch.
Corn Syrup, Light
1 cup dark corn syrup can be substituted for 1 cup light corn syrup, and
vice versa. (Note: Flavor will be affected somewhat.) OR substitute 1 1/4
cups sugar plus 1/3
cup liquid.
Cream (20% fat) (Coffee Cream)
3 tablespoons butter plus 7/8 cup milk can be substituted for 1 cup cream
(in baking and cooking).
Cream (40% fat) (Whipping Cream)
1/3 cup butter plus 3/4 cup milk can be substituted for 1 cup cream (in
baking and cooking).
Cream of Tartar
There is no recommended substitution for cream of tartar.
Egg Whites
Meringue powder can be substituted for egg whites in a meringue application.
Three egg whites equal approximately 3 tablespoons meringue powder plus 6
tablespoons water.
Flavor Oils
It is not recommended that you substitute flavor extracts for flavor oils.
Oil based flavorings are necessary for hard candies because the liquid
portion of the extracts
add too much liquid, causing steam, to the hard candy syrup.
Flour (as thickener)
1/2 tablespoon cornstarch, potato starch, rice starch, arrowroot starch, or
1 tablespoon quick-cooking tapioca can be substituted for 1 tablespoon
all-purpose flour.
Flour, Cake
1 cup minus 2 tablespoons all-purpose flour can be substituted for 1 cup
cake flour.
Flour, Self-Rising
1 cup all-purpose flour plus 1 1/2 teaspoons baking powder and 1/2 teaspoon
salt can be substituted for 1 cup self-rising flour.
1/8 to 1/4 teaspoon instant minced garlic or 1/8 teaspoon garlic powder can
be substituted for 1 clove minced garlic.
1 tablespoon fresh herbs equals 1 teaspoon dried herbs.
1 1/4 cups sugar plus 1/3 cup liquid (use whatever liquid is called for in
the recipe) can be substituted for 1 cup honey.
Italian Seasoning
1/4 teaspoon EACH dried oregano leaves, dried marjoram leaves and dried
basil leaves plus 1/8 teaspoon rubbed dried sage can be substituted for 1
1/2 teaspoons
Italian seasoning.
Meringue Powder
You can’t substitute meringue powder for egg whites in most recipes because
it contains other ingredients such as sugar.
Milk, Whole
1/2 cup evaporated milk plus 1/2 cup water OR 1 cup water plus 1/3 cup
nonfat evaporated dry milk powder OR 1 cup skim milk plus 2 teaspoons melted
butter can be
substituted for 1 cup whole milk. NOTE: Whole milk is higher in total fat
than low-fat milk. If a baking recipe calls for whole milk, you may be able
to substitute a low-fat
milk variety like skim, 1% or 2% fat. Be cautious about substituting skim
milk in pudding, custard and sauce recipes. These recipes rely on the dairy
fat for added texture
and flavor. Baked items such as cakes and cookies can usually tolerate the
use of low-fat milk.
1 cup honey can be substituted for 1 cup molasses. (and vice versa), Note:
flavor will be affected.
Mustard, Dry
1 tablespoon prepared mustard can be substituted for 1 teaspoon dry mustard.
Mustard, Prepared
1/2 teaspoon dry mustard plus 2 teaspoons vinegar can be substituted for 1
tablespoon prepared mustard.
1 cup melted butter, margarine or shortening can be substituted for 1 cup
oil. Note: Recipe results may vary. Texture and appearance may be affected.
1/4 cup instant minced onion, flaked onion OR 1 teaspoon onion powder can be
substituted for 1 cup (1 medium) chopped onion.
Poultry Seasoning
1/4 teaspoon ground thyme plus 3/4 teaspoon ground sage can be substituted
for 1 teaspoon poultry seasoning.
Pumpkin Pie Spice
1/2 teaspoon cinnamon plus 1/4 teaspoon ginger and 1/8 teaspoon EACH nutmeg
and cloves can be substituted for 1 teaspoon pumpkin pie spice.
1 cup butter or margarine can be substituted for 1 cup shortening. When
using shortening in place of butter or margarine, 1 tablespoon milk or water
for each 1/2 cup
shortening used may need to be added. DO NOT substitute vegetable oil for
shortening when recipe calls for melting the shortening.
Sour Cream
1 cup plain yogurt can be substituted for 1 cup sour cream.
1 cup firmly packed brown sugar can be substituted for 1 cup sugar. Note:
Flavor will be affected somewhat.
Sugar, Light Brown
1/2 cup firmly packed dark brown sugar and 1/2 cup sugar can be substituted
for 1 cup firmly packed light brown sugar. (Slight flavor differences will
Sweet Potatoes
1 (18-ounce) can vacuum-packed sweet potatoes can be substituted for 1
(23-ounce) can sweet potatoes, drained.
Tomato Sauce
3/4 cup tomato paste plus 1 cup water can be substituted for 1 cup tomato
1/2 cup fruit juice can be substituted for 1/2 cup wine in desserts. 1/2 cup
chicken broth can be substituted for 1/2 cup wine in savory recipes.

An important tip on type 2 diabetes:
Those of European background are far less likely to contract type 2
diabetese than those of Asian, Southeast Asian, Caribbean, and African


Articles of the day
Chosen by the Business Desk team

5 Things You Never Knew Your Cell Phone Could Do
For all the folks with cell phones. (This should be printed and kept in your
car, purse, and wallet. Good
information to have with you.)
There are a few things that can be done in times of grave emergencies. Your
mobile phone can actually be a
life saver or an emergency tool for survival. Check out the things that you
can do with it:


The Emergency Number wo rldwide for Mobile is 112. If you find Yourself out
of the coverage area of your
mobile network and there is an Emergency, dial 112 and the mobile will
search any existing network to
Establish the emergency number for you, and interestingly, this number 112
can be dialed even if the keypad is
locked. Try it out.

Have you locked your keys in the car?
Does your car have remote keyless entry? This may come in handy someday.
Good reason to own a cell phone:
If you lock your keys In the car and the spare keys are at home, call
someone at home on their cell phone from
your cell phone. Hold your cell phone about a foot from your car door and
have the person at your home press
the unlock button, holding it near the mobile phone on their end. Your car
will unlock. Saves someone from
having to drive your keys to you. Distance is no object. You could be
hundreds of miles away, and if you can
reach someone who has the other ‘remote’ for your car, you can unlock the
doors (or the trunk).
Editor’s Note: It works fine! We tried it out and it unlocked
Our car over a cell phone!’

Hidden Battery Power
Imagine your cell battery is very low. To activate, press the keys *3370#.
Your cell phone will restart with this
reserve and the instrument will show a 50% increase in battery. This reserve
will get charged when you charge
your cell phone next time.

How to disable a STOLEN mobile phone?
To check your Mobile phone’s serial number, key in the following Digits on
your phone: *#06#. A 15-digit code
will appear on the screen. This number is unique to your handset. Write it
down and keep it somewhere safe.
When your phone get stolen, you can phone your service provider and give
them this code. They will then be
able to block your handset so even if the thief changes the SIM card, your
phone will be totally useless. You
probably won’t get your phone back, but at least you know that whoever stole
it can’t use/sell it eithe r. If
everybody does this, there would be no point in people stealing mobile

And Finally….

Free Directory Service for Cells
Cell phone companies are charging us $1.00 to $1.75 or more for 411
information calls when they don’t have to.
Most of us do not carry a telephone directory in our vehicle, which makes
this situation even more of a
problem. When you need to use the 411 information option, simply dial:
(800)FREE411, or
(800) 373-3411
without incurring any charge at all. Program this into your cell phone now.
This is sponsered by MacDonalds.
This is the kind of information people don’t mind receiving, so Pass it on
to your family and friends.


A Dan Thompson contribution

How to Make Organic Pepper Spray for Plants

By Nannette Richford

Insects can devour your garden in matter of days. Keeping bugs and pests out
of the garden can be a challenge, particularly if you are opposed to using
insecticides or commercial products on your plants. Fortunately, hot peppers
are an effective way to control most garden pests. Making your own organic
pepper spray takes a little work, but the results are an organic repellent
that will not harm your plants or pose a risk to your family.

1. Things You’ll Need

. a. 6 hot peppers

. b. 2 to 3 tbsp. oil (vegetable or mineral)

. c. 3 tbsp. dish detergent

. d. Quart mason jar

. e. Cheesecloth

. f. Spray bottle

. g. Wooden spoon

2. Instructions

a. Mince six hot peppers with a sharp knife. Use care not to touch your
face or eyes after handling hot peppers as the juice will burn sensitive

b. Place the minced peppers in a glass jar and cover with 2 to 3
tablespoons of oil. You can use mineral oil if preferred, but any cooking
oil will do. Mix to distribute the oil.

d. Replace the lid and allow to soak 24 to 48 hours.

e. Add 1 pint of water and 3 tbsp. of liquid dish detergent. Mix all
ingredients with a wooden spoon.

f. Strain through a double layer of cheesecloth to removed the peppers.

g. Store in a tightly closed mason jar.

h. Fill a spray bottle with 2 tbsp. of the solution to 1 pint of water.

i. Spray plants in the morning or in early evening to prevent damage to
sensitive plants in the heat of the day.

j. Check plant sensitivity to the solution by spraying a few leaves. If
they do not show signs of damage within four days, it is safe to use the
solution on the plant. Some sensitive plants may require a weaker solution.

Some other things people are reading about are:

How to Make Homemade Organic Bug Spray for Plants

How to Make Garlic Spray


From the pages of Donna’s diary
Your traveling medical kit

When it comes to traveling, I am going to insist that you think seriously of
taking along what I call a medical kit because one never knows when some
sort of medical emergency or circumstance would arise and believe me when I
say that it is much easier to avoid rather than be caught.
So for what it is worth, here is what I think should be included in your
traveling medical kit.

Important things for you to include in your traveling medical kit:
Pills for diarrhea, nausea, upset stomach, fever colds and flu like
band aids and bandages,
cotton balls or pads, Q tips.

I’m Donna J. Jodhan enjoying my travels.

To learn more about me, visit

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